The Balkans have no Conventional Crime Problem (‘Balkan Criminology’ Research Focuses)
Since “the Balkans do not have a conventional crime problem” (cit. UNODC, 35) and “do not fit the profile of a high crime region” (cit. UNODC, 23), it is plausible to direct regional research efforts towards those crime phenomena that are of particular relevance for the region, or that threaten its security and stability. ‘Balkan Criminology’ is no general criminology for or in the Balkans, but rather a specialized criminology focusing its research on Balkan-relevant crime phenomena. Therefore, general criminological issues (e.g. overall crime rates and trends, prison populations, juvenile delinquency, conventional crime etc.) are left for national criminology to deal with, whereas the MPPG for ‘Balkan Criminology’ focuses on three main research areas:
- RF I - Violence, Organized Crime and Illegal Markets
- RF II - Feelings and Perceptions of (In)Security and Crime
- RF III - International Sentencing
In addition to the research focuses which are covered by individual research projects, the MPPG conducts so called ad hoc projects. These are aimed at involving the MPPG in the relevant international and European criminological research area.
In the long-term perspective, the MPPG should also get involved in the major criminological quantitative studies, such as the European Sourcebook of Crime and Criminal Justice Statistics and the International Crime Victims Survey (ICVS).